Author guidlines for submission

We recommand you to use our paper template for initial manuscript submission. In this case please follow the guidelines as you find them in the paper template and ignore much of the rest of this section on initial Manuscript Preparation.

If however, you want to save time in manuscript preparation use initially a simpler layout and just follow minimum rules as given below:

1. Prepare your manuscript as a single OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format. The file should include the complete text, references, tables and figures. Any revised manuscripts prepared for publication should be sent as a single editable Word document.

2. Manuscripts should be written in English and include a 100 to 300 word abstract.

3. Make sure all the characters in the text, tables, figure legends, footnotes and references are in a rather standard typeface and point size – such as 12 pt Times New Roman. Once a manuscript is accepted, a copy editor will decide the typeface and size of the different elements of the article.

4. Include all figures or photographs as JPG or TIF file with distinct characters and symbols at 500 dpi (dots per inch) into the text. Tables and equations should be in an editable rather than image version. Tables must be edited with Word. Equations must be edited with the Equation Editor.

5. Type your manuscript single spaced. This will save pages, makes it easier for reviewers to handle and helps slow down global warming by using less paper.

6. All references should be formatted according to the author-date system applying the Harvard system as presented in ISO 690, Appendix A.2, B and C .

Throughout the text author-date in-text citation has to be used. If the creator's name occurs naturally in the text, the year follows in parentheses. Example: Malik (2001) shows ... If not, both name and year are in parentheses. Example: This is considered a large deformation (Hu 2004). In citations to particular parts of an information resource, the location of that part (e.g. page number) may be given after the year within the parentheses. Example: This can be caused only by robot manipulation (Ortega 1995, p. 1434).

When preparing the reference list, give all authors’ names as far as possible; do not use “et al.”. Papers that have not been published, even if they have been submitted for publication, should be cited as “[unpublished]”. Papers that have been accepted for publication should be cited as “[in production]”. Capitalize each word in a paper title, except for function words and element symbols.

For papers published in translation journals, please give the English citation first, followed by the original foreign-language citation.

(Malik 2001) is an example for a journal paper, (Hu 2004) is an example for conference proceedings, (Ortega 1995) is an example for transactions, (Wit 2004) is an example for a book, (Prasad 1982) is an article or chapter in an edited book, (Giambastiani 2007) is an example for a thesis, (Wu 1994) is an example for an article in proceedings, (Auld 2013) is an example for an article from the Internet, (Wright 1906) is an example for a patent.

Please completely normalize your references as the following format. Please register your email at and retrieve Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) for journal articles, books, and chapters by simply cutting and pasting the list of reference and insert them at If that does not work you may want to try a form based query at Preserve hyperlinks and underlines in DOIs as for (Malik 2001) and (Ortega 1995).

MALIK, A.S., BOYKO, O., ATKAR, N. and YOUNG, W.F., 2001. A Comparative Study of MR Imaging Profile of Titanium Pedicle Screws. Acta Radiologica, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 291-293.

Conference Proceedings:
HU, T. and DESAI, J.P., 2004. Soft-Tissue Material Properties under Large Deformation: Strain Rate Effect. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS. San Francisco, 1-5 September 2004. New York: IEEE, pp. 2758-2761.

ORTEGA, R., LORIA, A. and KELLY, R., 1995. A Semi-Globally Stable Output Feedback PI2D Regulator for Robot Manipulators. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 1432-1436.

Book :
WIT, E. and McCLURE, J., 2004. Statistics for Microarrays: Design, Analysis, and Inference. 5th ed., Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Chapter in an Edited Book:
PRASAD, A.S., 1982. Clinical and Biochemical Spectrum of Zinc Deficiency in Human Subjects. In: PRASAD, A.S.,ed. Clinical, Biochemical and Nutritional Aspects of Trace Elements. New York: Alan R. Liss, pp. 5-15.

GIAMBASTIANI, B.M.S., 2007. Evoluzione Idrologica ed Idrogeologica Della Pineta di San Vitale (Ravenna). Ph.D. Thesis, Bologna: Bologna University.

An Article in Proceedings:
WU, J.K., 1994. Two Problems of Computer Mechanics Program System. In: Proceedings of Finite Element Analysis and CAD. Beijing: Peking University Press, pp. 9-15.

An Article from the Internet:
AULD, Douglass J. and SRINIVAS, K., 2013. Aerodynamics for Students. Lecture Notes. Sydney: Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney.
Available from: [viewed 2013-12-26].

A patent :
WRIGHT, O. and WRIGHT, W., 1906. Flying-Machine. US Patent No. 821393.